Mining Existing Literature Reviews on Mental Health Services

Mining Existing Literature Reviews
Mining Existing Literature Reviews

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Mining Existing Literature Reviews

This paper entails mining existing literature reviews of three dissertations concerning transition of veterans from armed forces to civilian-force. The mining and evaluation process will involve pointing out the common themes, quoted authors, outline organization and its rationale.  Finally, the findings are summarized and provided along with each dissertation’s literature review outline and a highlight of how it is connected to the proposed dissertation topic. 

Serving those who served: Retention of newly returning veterans from Iraq and Afghanistan in mental health treatment

Table 1 and Table 2 below provide outline of the literature review and summary of quoted authors respectively. Furthermore, the analysis of this literature will follow.      

Table 1

Outline for Literature Review
Definition of Mental Health     Veterans with mental disorders   Combat stressors Effects of OEF/OIF on mental health   Evidence-Based Interventions   Relevance to Veteran Affairs (VA) services to veterans with PTSDPTSD Diagnosis Mental Health/PTSD Interventions   Retention and number of visits mental health services   Favorable environmental intervention and support   Teaching social emotional education to the veterans   VA Chart and Psychotherapy protocols for monitoring   Summary
Table 2
AuthorsBroad Topics
Hoge Milliken   Schell Marshall Ramchand Schnurr     Frayne Cohen     Seal Sayer   Rosenheck  Rate of PTSD and related veteran mental health services   The risk of PTSD in discharged and retired OEF/OIF  Veterans The rate of PTSD soldiers as in active-duty soldiers     Diagnosis of PTSD and utilization of both mental and non-mental services by veterans     PTSD mental and non-mental health services interventions and monitoring   Implementing sustainable interventions for the purpose of dealing with PTSD stressors.    

Time to Treatment among Veterans of Conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan with Psychiatric Diagnoses

Table 3 and Table 4 below provide outline of the literature review and summary of quoted authors respectively. Furthermore, the analysis of this literature will follow.  

Table 3  

Outline for Literature Review
Definition of Psychiatric Diagnoses      Veterans of Conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq   Main cause of psychiatric diagnoses Effects of mental health treatment timing on OEF/OIF veterans after deployment     Evidence-Based Interventions   Chronic mental health problems Psychiatric  DiagnosesPsychiatric  Diagnoses Interventions    Veteran Affairs (VA) health servicesEarly mental health treatment initiation Determinants of time to initial mental health visit (age, race or ethnic)   VA services and timing of care for monitoring     Summary
Table 4
AuthorsBroad Topics
Seal Schell     Wang Lane Olfson   Litz Maguen   O’Donnell Bryant  Creamer  Rates of utilization of mental health and primary care services among OEF/ OIF/OND veterans   The risk factors to psychiatric diagnoses among OEF/OIF  Veterans   Diagnosis of chronic mental conditions among OEF/OIF veterans     Early mental health timing Prevention of psychiatric symptoms chronicity

A Hero’s Welcome? Exploring the Prevalence and Problems of Military Veterans in the Arrestee Population

Table 5 and Table 6 below provide outline of the literature review and summary of quoted authors respectively. Furthermore, the analysis of this literature will follow.  

Mining Existing Literature Reviews

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Table 5

Outline for Literature Review
History on Returning Military Veterans   Definition of mental disorders that affected veterans   Combat veterans from Vietnam and 9/11 wars  The Link between Military Service, Combat-related Problems and CriminalityVeteran in Criminal Justice System     Relevance to Criminal Justice System  Veteran Affairs (VA) services to veterans with anti-social behaviors Retention and number of visits mental health services   Favorable environmental intervention and support   Teaching social emotional education to the veterans   Creating awareness among veterans on the criminal justice systemAlternative approaches to veterans who have been arrested and incarcerated    Summary     
Table 6
AuthorsBroad Topics
Mumola   Noonan Mumola   Fontana Rosenheck   Seal, Bertenthal, Miner, Sen, & Marmar   Greenburg RoyRate of incarcerated veterans with mental health conditions Historical comparison of the populations of incarcerated veterans and those who have transitioned   The Link between Military Service, Combat-related Problems and Criminality   Diagnosis  and Treatment of Combat-related Problems among veterans   Awareness and alternative approaches to incarcerated veterans  

Summary of the mined literature reviews   

The purpose of these dissertations literature reviews was to evaluate the growing concerns on the status of the mental health services offered to veterans returning home from Afghanistan (Operation Enduring Freedom [OEF] and Iraq (Operation Iraq Freedom [OIF]) mainly with regards to retention in mental health treatment of veterans with PTSD.

It is noted that retention as well as numbers of visits declined among OIF-OEF veterans primarily mainly due comorbid conditions and age; hence, the design of interventions should be aimed at specific health care barriers.  In addition, it has also be noted that failure to effectively offer appropriate mental health services to veterans with PTSD prior to their transition from armed force to civilian-force results to increased criminal records.  

Mining Existing Literature Reviews

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Thematic organizations in the three dissertations is done chronologically with authors adopting a pyramid-like approach, which starts with basic/background concepts, then diagnosis issues, and finally mental and non-mental interventions. An observation of the themes covered in the three dissertations, the common ones included growing rates of PTSD, Combat PTSD stressors or risk factors, the need for proper diagnosis of PTSD, available mental and non-mental health services for veterans facilitated by Veteran Affairs (VA).

The themes are strongly related to my dissertation topic because they are primarily covering on health services required for veterans, especially those with mental conditions or PTSD mostly arising from their role in combat particularly in Iraq and Afghanistan.  Hence, these themes are mainly concerned with health services crucial for the transition of veterans from armed force (combat) to civilian force (non-combat) which is my dissertation topic.

Mining Existing Literature Reviews

References

Harpaz-Rotem, I., & Rosenheck, R. A.  (2011). Serving those who served: Retention of newly returning veterans from Iraq and Afghanistan in mental health treatment. Psychiatric Services, 62, 22-27. (Dissertation)

Magen, S., Madden, E., Cohen, B. E., Bertenthal, D., & Seal, K. H. (2012). Time to Treatment among Veterans of Conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan with Psychiatric Diagnoses. Psychiatric Services, 63(12) 1206-12. (Dissertation)    

White, M. D., Mulvey, P., Fox, A. M., & Choate, D. (2011). A Hero’s Welcome? Exploring the Prevalence and Problems of Military Veterans in the Arrestee Population. Justice Quarterly, First published on: 28 March 2011 (iFirst): 1-29. (Dissertation)

Mining Existing Literature Reviews

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