Spirituality: Philosophy Essay


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Most philosophers believe that every person has a worldview. They define the worldview as a framework and commitment of ideas and attitudes about human beings, life, and the world. They further describe a worldview as a set of beliefs that man holds to and lives by. It is of great importance for human beings to discover their worldviews and abide to them.

Generally, there is no widely agreed definition of spirituality. Traditionally, spirituality is viewed as the process of reformation that is aimed at recovering the original shape of man. However in present times, spirituality has been based on subjective experience that incorporates personal growth or transformation, and this is separate from the religious views.

Spirituality can be defined from different theories including scientism which is the belief in science and using scientific evidence to describe spiritually. Scientism is a belief held by scholars in their bid for the search for physical truth. On the other hand, pluralism refers to the process of viewing the society from multiple entities which work as a single unit. An example of pluralism is the society with different cultural backgrounds which maintains their tradition. Post modernism describes spirituality as a concept of modifying traditional beliefs according to modern ideas.

Prime reality

Prime reality is the understanding of what is real. This involves understanding the origin of faith of individuals. According to Christianity, God is real, and it is through his intentions that we can live. (Bak, 2013) posits that this definition is not applicable to every individual since non-Christians do not believe in God. Non-Christians believe that God cannot be present in all places at all times. However, Christians believe that Gods powers are unlimited. Prime reality is what one believes in depending on his views of reality. Believing that God is present and available in all places at all times is a reality for specific people but not others.

Nature of the world around us

From a religious perspective, nature is God’s creation, and the world is part of   God‘s plan for man. Being a Christian, I believe that God is the creator of all things. According to the Bible teachings, God provided man with natural things in the world for man to enjoy God’s creation.

Certain situation where man experiences difficulties is part of the reality as it forms part of the learning process. As a Christian, I believe that understanding God’s plan is beyond us despite the fact that God has given us the gift of reasoning.  Christians rely on faith to guide their understanding of the world (Murphy, 2016).  

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Human beings

Murphy (2016) states that humans are God’s creation; human beings have life and a sense of self-awareness to understand their purpose on earth .but others view human as complex machine developed due to scientific discovery. But for Christians, human being are God’s superior creation because God created man giving him unique abilities compared to other God’s creation on earth .this dispute the fact that human being is termed as machines.

Since God created human beings in his image, these means human beings are above all other creation on earth. Therefore, their role is to take care of the world but not undermine the rights of other creations. Human being need to understand God intention which initial living in harmony and with other creation on earth (Murphy, 2016).

What happens to a person at death?

When people die they leave behind memories, which are cherished depending on an individual action while on earth.  Apart from Christians others believe in life after death, this is his reason why several people perform good deeds while still alive because they believe God will judge them according to their actions.

Christian believes in life after death whereby the physical body dies, but our souls remain alive to start a new life in heaven. Murphy(2016) reports that when people dietheir souls escape from their bodiesand return to God the creator.

Christians believe that righteous people will be granted eternal life by God if their actions were in line with God’s commandments. According to (Murphy, 2016), the judgment day is important because this is the day when God decides our fate. This is the day that our actions are evaluated to determine if we are worth living with God in heaven. God’s Ten Commandments are rules given by God to our ancestors to guide our action. Therefore by not obeying God’s teachings we are likely to lose the chance of being granted eternal life.

The possibility to know anything at all

Knowing anything means the understanding of our worldview based on what influence our actions. Having different sets of beliefs reveals the different perspective of our view of the world. When we experience continuous changes as we go through different circumstances enables us to increase our levels of knowledge. Seeking God’s guidance is important to gain more knowledge and understand our purpose on earth (Tomasello, 2014).

How do we know what is right or wrong?

Tomasello (2014) explains how humans determine what is wrong and right by conforming to Gods moral law. In his view, moral laws reflect God’ s purpose for man. Human beings are expected to live by Gods’ intention. God moral laws are the Ten Commandments in the Bible that stipulate various acts that need to be emulated by man. However, people fail to understand God’s purpose hence violating God’s laws.

Christians believe that God makes them undergo difficulties as a punishment for their wrongdoing. Other people believe best for themselves and acceptable to our fellow humans are termed as the right thing, while what can cause harm to the majority is termed as wrong (Tomasello, 2014).

What is the meaning of human history?

History can be defined as the sequence of events that leads to fulfilling God purpose; however history is also defined as important records about past events that formed part of our identity. Human history from a Christian perspective portrays God as a wise, holy, powerful, true and the creator of the world.

Christian’s link human history to God creation, from a Christina perspective, human history cannot be defined without explaining Gods creation. Non –Christians view human history based on specific events that they value while some people believe that human history is imagination generated from the past events.


Worldviews are significant whether man recognizes them or not. They offer a basis upon which the actions and corresponding moral values are based. Our worldview   concerning reality, human beings and understand of what is right or wrong differ based on individual perspective. Views presented by pluralist, scientist and post modernist depend of their individual world view.


Bak, P. (2013). How nature works: the science of self-organized criticality. Springer Science & Business Media.

Murphy, M. C. (2016). God and moral law. Oxford University Press.

Tomasello, M. (2014). A natural history of human thinking. Harvard University Press.

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Leadership Command Philosophy Interview Essay

Leadership Command Philosophy
Leadership Command Philosophy

Leadership Command Philosophy

Being the CEO of the organization named Drugs and Co., I find myself competent enough to lead the organization diligently. There are many traits of the leader which need to be inculcated in one’s personality so that one can hold this position confidently. The leadership quality is based on various types of leadership theories. These theories depict the importance of behavior, nature and demeanor which play significant role in shaping the overall personality of a leader. The point of argument is that as far as my personality is concerned, I feel that my leadership abilities are the combination of charisma, democratic spirit and motivational leadership.

My organization demands that I provide sufficient moral and physical support to the employees so that they may feel comfortable at the workplace. In order to ensure that the employees feel relaxed, I would employ the use of motivational leadership at the first place. For this purpose, I would arrange regular informal meetings to get the point of view of the employees.

This type of leadership is called the participatory type of leadership. It is the useful technique which helps the employees to find the way and solution regarding the problem at hand. It also keeps the employees involved in the organization so that they intend to own the organization. This would enable me to get any idea about their feelings, apprehensions and issues. The reason is that, the organization which I own is based on the very tough routine and it requires the rigorous research and exploration.

The laboratory technicians are the experts who need peaceful environment to find out the chemical formulas of new drugs. These drugs are then required to be transferred to the medical stores. In order to enable the employees to make the good quality drugs I would invite their expertise (Müller, Geraldi & Turner, 2012). In addition to that, I would also make the use of my physical charisma and the authoritative decision making. I have the great quality of eloquence with the help of which I can motivate them to take risky decisions.

I conducted the interview of the CEO of an international company who has an experience of working for two years in that organization. While answering the question related to the most challenging issue he faced during his leadership tenure, he said that the most difficult task was to carry out the conflict resolution among the employees. There are many instances in which the compromise seems not to be reached among the team due to the difference of opinion.

He told that he used to manage this situation by taking the individual opinion of the contesting parties. After getting the views, he used to decide the case in the light of the best possible options. After giving the final verdict, the CEO used to arrange the joint meeting of the employees to tell them about his decision.

          While replying to the question regarding the best possible solution to the problem of leadership, the CEO said that it is best to observe patience and tolerance in the conflicting situation. Instead of getting into the head on collision with the employees and harassing them, it is rational that the employees are asked to calm down and leave the place. They must be given the relaxed environment to ponder over the situation more critically. It is the possibility that they would realize their mistake and become able to take rational decision.

He also told that in majority of the cases, this strategy worked for him. However, as an alternative he used to use his authoritative approach in those cases in which the employees exhibited the egoistic behavior. In those situation, it was necessary to bring their steadfastness under control. Had he not employed this tactics, the situation would have gone out of controls.

          The analysis of this interview shows that there is not a single leadership type or skill which can be employed in the practical life. The best approach is to use multiple types of leaderships to tackle the employees. The reason is that the employees vary from one another as far as their nature and temperament is concerned. Moreover, the leaders are required to make a rational decision about the type of leadership.

Had I been involved in the similar situation, I would have also gone for the same strategy of using the combination of different types of leadership. The reason is that the position of a leader is very dynamic and he needs to be very receptive to this fact (Zhu, Kraut & Kittur, 2012). In addition to that, I would have tried to keep my emotions under control so that my weaknesses were not evident in front of the employees.

          I would have also gone for the option of getting the grip on the rules and regulations of the organization. This would help me in making the decisions according to the rules of law. As a result, there would be the rare chances of any objections raised on my credibility. I would also try to win the confidence of the employees through my friendly behavior with them. Risk taking strategy should also be used to keep the employees attentive and ready to take new initiatives (Miner, 2015).

I would also use my charisma and eloquence so that the employees may focus the attention on my views. This type of leadership is called charismatic leadership. It is the sort of leadership which helps a lot in those situations in which no other strategy works and the employees are not ready to work unanimously. Sometimes, the conflict needs to be mediated through the presence of some compromising personalities who may lead the team through their holistic approach.

In order to ensure that, I would keep a committee of some of the competent people who can accompany me during the conduction of the meetings (Goleman, Boyatzis & McKee, 2013). The decision making needs to be very much tactical to avoid the unfair situations.

          Keeping in view the critical analysis and summary of the interview, it is concluded that the leadership modalities need to be employed through the deliberation. The competent leaders are those who keep the team bound together in the hour of both distress and happiness. They are the people with exemplary capabilities and have high level of self-esteem.

As far as their role in the organization is concerned, it is pertinent to mention that the leaders are not required to stay stubborn and rigid. Instead of that, the leaders need to be very much tolerant and accommodating so that they can control the situation and turn the tide of events. Keeping in view all these comments, I find myself to be in a better position to lead the team in a better way.


Goleman, D., Boyatzis, R., & McKee, A. (2013). Primal leadership: Unleashing the power of emotional intelligence. Harvard Business Press.

Miner, J. B. (2015). Organizational behavior 1: Essential theories of motivation and leadership. Routledge.

Müller, R., Geraldi, J., & Turner, J. R. (2012). Relationships between leadership and success in different types of project complexities. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 59(1), 77-90.

Zhu, H., Kraut, R., & Kittur, A. (2012, February). Effectiveness of shared leadership in online communities. In Proceedings of the ACM 2012 conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work (pp. 407-416). ACM.

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