Age Specific Scenarios PowerPoint Presentation

Age Specific Scenarios
Age Specific Scenarios

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Age Specific Scenarios

Order Instructions:

Develop 20 min presentation on Depo-Provera

Include one page summary as a handout for other people

Identify and describe this contraceptive method (Depo-Provera)

Describe the risks and benefits of method

Explains the effectiveness of method

Identifies contraindication of method

Explain how the contraception method is used

Address patient education

Age Specific Scenarios

PowerPoint Guide

1. A title slide – Name, Title and what the paper is about

2. Never use less than 24 point font. If you use smaller font, people will not be able to see your information and you will have too much information on the slide.

3. Use bullet points. PowerPoint slides do not need full sentences, and should never have a paragraph full of information.

4. Use images effectively. You should have as little text as possible on the slide. One way to accomplish this is to have images on each slide, accompanied by a small amount of text (a max. of 4 bullets).

5. You must include speaker notes (of about 120 -150 words per slide) below

6. Use only one message per slide. If you have more than one message, add a slide.

7. Use only elements that add to the content of the message. Use graphics that clearly support your message. Good graphics can significantly add to learning, bad graphics can confuse and distract your audience.

8. Slide Design. Each slide should address a single concept.

9. Slides should follow a logical progression, each building on the other

10. Use no more than 4 bullet short lines of text on any one slide (The rest of the what you want to say should be in the speaker notes).

11. Use upper and lower case text, NOT all caps

12. Choose a color appropriate to the mood you want to convey

13. Avoid using too many colors (maximum of 3)

14. Use photographs (images) to help the audience relate slide information to real world situations.

15. Cite/reference always to avoid plagiarism.

16. Color, Dark Blue to project a stable, mature message – has a calming effect

Red or Orange to trigger excitement or an emotional response, Green to make audience comfortable, Yellow to get audience attention quickly (more so than any other color), Gray to promote the idea of “quality”, White to project honesty/sincerity. Black is not appealing to most viewers so be balanced!

17. Maintain a consistent design with regard to colors, font styles, and graphics.

Age Specific Scenarios

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Type 2 Diabetes Patients’ Lack of Proper Education

Lack of Proper Education on Patient with Type 2 Diabetes
Lack of Proper Education on Patient with Type 2 Diabetes

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Lack of proper education on patient with type 2 diabetes

Locating the Best Evidence

            Often, type 2 diabetes patients lack proper education mainly because of the different barriers that they face as well as the receiving education that lacks a proper algorithm. Therefore, there is a great need for these measures to be acted upon so that the patients can realize more positive outcomes. Mshunqane, Stewart and Rothberg (2012) indicated that diabetes type 2 is associated with numerous complications, many of which can cause death if not managed appropriately.

In addition to this, at the worldwide level, the disease is acknowledge as a main challenge that nags the policymakers each day. There is presently some staggering statistics of the increasing prevalence as well as the linked economic and health impact.

            Further, the World Economic Forum, World Health Organization, as well as the United Nations recognize the challenge. All these bodies suggest for collective dedication to improve the life quality of the patients as well as prevent the disease. They are clear that the challenge is universal, urgent, and critical. There is also the acknowledgment that the disease is serious for two main reasons (Stults-Kolehmainen & Sinha, 2014).

First is the health impacts linked to it which are more critical including increased likelihood for lower limb amputations, blindness, heart attacks, kidney failure, as well as stroke. Second, there are indirect and direct costs which are a major drain on the healthcare budgets as well as productivity.

            The issue is very urgent considering that its prevalence is rising. Moreover, managing the complications associated with the disease is very costly, same as incorporating appropriate measures to ensure that the patients lead a high quality and independent life. The mentioned bodies also agree that proper education is one of the strategies through which the disease can be prevented and managed efficiently.

However, there are a number of barriers that prevent this and the education algorithm normally used is inappropriate. Therefore, this systematic review will aim at finding information suggesting the appropriate algorithm as well as the common barriers as well as how they can be addressed.

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Methods

Search strategy

            Peer-reviewed academic journals will be sought from different databases, and these will be used to conduct the systematic review (Lee et al., 2013). The intention will be creating a proper algorithm on diabetes type 2 education, as well as identify some of the barriers to proper education and how they can be addressed. The databases to be used for the systematic review are CENTRAL, Social Science Citation Index, Science Citation Index, PSYCLinfo, Medline, ERIC, and CINAHL.

The references to the articles that were selected were also evaluated for leads. Reading the reviews was necessary as it helped identify if the article was appropriate. In relation to the inclusion criteria, there was selection of articles that were not older than five years. Particularly, there was selection of those discussing the barriers to proper diabetes type 2 education and their solutions, and those discussing proper education standards (Kapoor & Kleinbart, 2012).


Critically Analyzing the Evidence and Synthesis

Proper education algorithm

            Type 2 diabetes education preventive measures will be informed to all the people through local barazas. This would ensure that all people engage in appropriate lifestyles to prevent the disease. Cultural competent educators, and those with proper listening and communication skills will be used to offer the education so that no one can be left behind (Garber, Gross & Slonim, 2010).

It will be necessary to educate the patients on all aspects of the disease including the causes, risk factors, predisposing factors, preventive strategies, available treatments, and management. In addition, awareness on how a patient can ensure self-care should be offered, same as the complications and the direct and indirect costs that a family can suffer because of the disease.

Moreover, the educator should go into details when elaborating on the preventive measures including the diet and physical activity. The more the patients and all people know about the disease and how it is connected to other chronic conditions, the more efficiently they can engage in self-care (Green, 2014).

Barriers and addressing them
            for patients to be able to receive the recommended type 2 diabetes education, they should really be concerned about their healthcare and ready to access or seek quality medical education. However, because of the ignorance some patient have, they prefer using over-the-counter medications or seeking traditional medicine men. They never seek the quality healthcare services because of their ignorance and low socioeconomic backgrounds. 

Therefore, even the use of preventive services among these patients is very minimal. To address this, the local authorities will be given a chance to mobilize people from their living areas, so that education can start at the grassroots level before even being offered at the healthcare institution (Zoepke & Green, 2012).

            In addition, there are many elderly people suffering from type 2 diabetes and with hearing, memory, and vision challenges. These will be offered the education in the presence of caregivers who can assist them around (Chijioke, Adamu &Makusidi, 2010).

Feasibility, Benefits, and Risks

Feasibility

            The project of delivering proper education to the type 2 diabetes, patients is feasible, especially if the most appropriate education is being delivered, with a consideration of the personal factors, and if the barriers that might hinder the education have been considered and measures to address these put in place. Healthcare providers would only need to offer patients attending the institution for medical care services the pamphlets containing all the necessary information.

However, when dealing with type 2 diabetes patients, it would be necessary to find out first what they already know and later creating awareness while dispelling the misconceptions. This would be relatively cheap. It would also be necessary to explore other factors that affect individual patients so that advice can be offered (Rosenstock & Owens, 2008).

Barriers

            After proper education is offered and the barriers to it addressed, some patients might still lack the funds to purchase even the affordable local foods. Considering that some patients might be elderly, there might be issues such as improper vision, hearing loss, and memory loss, which might influence practice of the education.

Benefits

            Ensuring that the patients are receiving proper education and implementing it is essential in that it can go a long way in reducing the high prevalence of the disease, preventing complications, reducing the high costs needed to treat and manage the condition, as well as the losses related to loss of productivity and need for a higher quality of life (Ruffin, 2016).

Risks

            Some of the anticipated risks include limited resources to ensure that adequate and proper education on type 2 diabetes is being delivered to the patients (Valencia &Florez, 2014).  In addition, there might be absence of cultural competence professionals to deal with patients from different backgrounds. In addition, tracking the patients at their homes to ensure that they are implementing the proper education appropriately can be difficult and costly.

References

Chijioke, A., Adamu, A. N., &Makusidi, A. M. (2010). Mortality patterns among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients in Ilorin, Nigeria : original research. Journal of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes in South Africa, 15, 2, 79-82.

Garber, J. S., Gross, M., & Slonim, A. D. (2010). Avoiding common nursing errors. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Green, B. (June 06, 2014). Diabetes and diabetic foot ulcers : an often hidden problem : review. Sa Pharmacist’s Assistant, 14, 3, 23-26.

Kapoor, B., & Kleinbart, M. (2012). Building an Integrated Patient Information System for a Healthcare Network. Journal of Cases on Information Technology (jcit), 14, 2, 27-41.

Lee YK, Ng CJ, Lee PY, Khoo EM, Abdullah KL, Low WY, Samad AA, Chen WS, & Lee, Yew Kong. (2013). What are the barriers faced by patients using insulin? A qualitative study of Malaysian health care professionals’ views. Dove Press.

Mshunqane, N., Stewart, A. V., & Rothberg, A. D. (January 01, 2012). Type 2 diabetes management : patient knowledge and health care team perceptions, South Africa : original research. African Primary Health Care and Family Medicine, 4, 1, 1-7.

Rosenstock, J., & Owens, D. (January 01, 2008). Treatment of Type 2 Using Insulin: When to Introduce?.

Ruffin, T. R. (January 01, 2016). Health Information Technology and Change.

Stults-Kolehmainen, M. A., & Sinha, R. (January 01, 2014). The Effects of Stress on Physical Activity and Exercise. Sports Medicine, 44, 1, 81-121.

Valencia, W. M., &Florez, H. (January 01, 2014). Pharmacological treatment of diabetes in older people. Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism, 16, 12, 1192-203.

Zoepke, A., & Green, B. (January 01, 2012). Diabetes and diabetic foot ulcers : an often hidden problem : general review. Wound Healing Southern Africa, 5, 1, 19-22.

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Developing a PICOT Question

PICOT
PICOT

Developing a PICOT

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Identifying a Problem

            The diagnosis and management of depression within the American population remains one of the health factors affecting the health sector.  Sources determine that the prevalence of depression within the American population is ascertained to stand at 8.5%, a factor that has seen less people seek medical attention (Wagner, Müller, Helmreich, Huss, & Tadić, 2015). Thus paper therefore seeks to develop a PICOT question in determine the aspect of depression and its effects within this population.

PICOT Question

            It is essential to consider that the PICOT P, Population: I Intervention C, Comparison, O, Outcome and T Time is developed in guiding this study. In the American population between the ages of 30-35 of the working class (P), is there a need of developing a tool that will analyze depression (I), compared with the other approaches of care (C) that ensures appropriate procedures are developed in order to detect depression (O) within a specified time (T)? The aim of the PICOT question is developed to determine enough evidences that justify the element of depression among the American population through the use of effective tools.

Selecting Sources of Literature

            In considering the results of this paper, it is essential to search through multiple databases that include EBSCOhost, Google Scholar, PsycINFO and the Cochrane and other sources from Health Care research centers. In getting the results of this study, there are key search words that need to be considered (Wagner, et.al.2015). These words include: screening, depression, depressive disorders, BECK or BDI-ii and the population. The use of both the published and the unpublished materials in searching the literatures was incorporated with the materials reviewed dating back between 2005-2010.

Selecting Sources of Literature

According to Wagner et.al.2015, a metal-analysis was conducted to determine the effects of depression on the American population. The findings of the study identifies that a majority of the population presented traumatic symptoms. This material determines that depressive disorders among the younger generation may lead to suicidal and homicidal thoughts and attempts (Jackson, Dianne & Garnefski, 2015).

Some of the symptoms that are presented by this author include chest pains, headaches, painful urination, dizziness an excessive sweating. This source intrinsically supports the specified area of study since it provides evidence to some of the effects of depression among the American population.

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Jackson et.al.2015 in his literature consequently revealed that the screening of depression among the American population undergoes a process of identification, assessment, and initiation of approaches aimed at managing this disease within the American population (pp.197). This author details a quantitative randomized study within this population and establishes that the abuse of substances is as a result of depression, a factor that explains the reasons why several Americans engage in risky sexual behaviors.

 On the other hand, the population is also likely to engage in drugs and substance abuse as a result of depression. The author determines that there is a need of developing a concurrent treatment method that uses psychotropic drugs and other stable stimulants in the management of depression. The inclusion of psychotherapeutic method is also essential in the management of depression.

The author also mentions that depression within this population needs to be effectively managed since discoveries have been made that establish individuals in this state engage in unprotected sex and the inclusion of multiple sexual partners, a factor that would result into a health concern within a nation.

References

Wagner, S., Müller, C., Helmreich, I., Huss, M., & Tadić, A. (2015). A meta-analysis of cognitive functions in children, adults and adolescents with major depressive disorder. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 24(1), 5-19. doi:10.1007/s00787-014-0559

Jackson, E. M, Dianne S, & Garnefski, N. (2015). Depressive Symptomatology and Child Abuse in Adolescents with Behavioral Problems. Child & Adolescent Social Work Journal, 20(3), 197-210.Retrived From: http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=10067979&site=ehost-live

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Patient Education on Disability

Patient Education on Disability
Patient Education on Disability

Patient Education on Disability

Hi Benson,

Your discussion is very informative. I agree with you that people with disability need evidence based educational programs in order to empower the patients on ways to self manage their health condition. One approach to do so is by advising the patients on the available financial support systems. In the past, people with disabilities had limited options of medical coverage.  

The Affordable Care Act (ACA) is one of the important piece of legislation in supporting people with special needs. ACA has established provisions that have expanded health insurance coverage for people with special needs.  As of September 2010, insurers should not deny coverage to people with special needs.  The policy ensures that people with special needs get quality and coordinated care (CDC, 2016).

Reference

 CDC. (2016). The affordable Care Act Helps people with special needs. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/policies/aca.html

Response to Dane

Hi Foster,

I enjoyed reading your discussion. Research indicates that 56 million people in the USA are affected by disability. People with disabilities experience disparities in most health indicators such as mental health, violence, injuries and obesity. People with disabilities rarely get routine preventive medical care because of limited availability of care, physical barriers, inadequate healthcare provider’s skills and prohibitive cost. Healthcare providers have a major role to play in order to improve access to care for people with disabilities.

This includes increasing awareness of disability issue in order to promote inclusion of disability components and programs at local level and in national policies. These efforts will promote strategies that will ensure that people with disabilities remain highly knowledgeable about their health conditions, and the healthcare providers protect the rights and dignity of the disabled people (World Health Organization, 2015).

Reference

World Health Organization. (2016). Disability and Health. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs352/en/

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