Nursing Education Theory

Nursing Education Theory
Nursing Education Theory

Want help to write your Essay or Assignments? Click here

Nursing Education Theory

Question 1

In the recent course, the core principles that have been applied are andrology. This aspect was developed by Malcolm Shepherd Knowles (1913-1997) which was used synonymously as adult education. The core aspect of andrology is that it is both an art and a science of adult learning (Iwasiw, Goldenberg, & Andrusyszyn, 2008). 

This term is sometimes viewed to be equivalent to pedagogy, which is a Greek word that refers child leading (Kearsley, 2010). The principles of andragogy are based on four assumptions. To start with, it points out the issue of self-concept, which indicates that as a person matures, they shift from becoming dependent personality to being self-directed persons (Atherton, 2013).

Additionally, andragogy assumes that as human beings mature, they accumulate experience reservoirs, which become the resources of learning (Iwasiw, Goldenberg, & Andrusyszyn, 2008).   Additionally, this increases readiness to acquire knew knowledge, which increases their developmental responsibilities. This also improves their orientation learning (Atherton, 2013).

This is because a nature person’s perspective continues to change by the adoption of immediacy application of the learnt knowledge rather than postponing of the knowledge, thus shifting the learning orientation from subject centeredness to that of the problem solved approach. Additionally, the matured adult gets the motivation to learn increases (Kearsley, 2010).

Nursing Education Theory

Want help to write your Essay or Assignments? Click here

 The core principles of andragogy that have been observed in this course include the principle of planning and evaluation of the instruction given (Iwasiw, Goldenberg, & Andrusyszyn, 2008).   Additionally, in this learning process, all experiences and mistakes are viewed as effective and form the basis of learning as it broadens an individual’s way of thinking (Atherton, 2013).

Additionally, the learning by the adults is important if it gives immediate relevance or benefits to person’s lives or their jobs (Kearsley, 2010).  Additionally, the adult learning problem centred   as compared to content oriented. This is effective way of interacting learning and improving the knowledge as well as critical thinking skills of the learner (Iwasiw, Goldenberg, & Andrusyszyn, 2008). 

 The effectiveness of this learning method is based by the fact that in each of the aspect being taught must be elaborated extensively giving the specific reasons behind the concept (Kearsley, 2010).   Additionally, this learning process ensures that instructions are task oriented, thus ensuring that the concepts are understood rather that memorization as compared pedagogy (Atherton, 2013).

Additionally, this learning method puts into considerations the diversity of the learners, thus allowing integration of different materials and learning methods according to each person’s experiences (Kearsley, 2010).  The learning method assumes that learning instructions is self-directed, thus the learners will enable them discover new knowledge without actually depending on other people (Iwasiw, Goldenberg, & Andrusyszyn, 2008). 

Nursing Education Theory

Want help to write your Essay or Assignments? Click here

 Question 2

 There is high diversity in nursing career. This includes diversity in students, contents being taught and the tutors teaching these contents. The learning method chosen must be delicate enough to accommodate this diversity (Kearsley, 2010).  The diverse learning theories include the Leon Festinger’s cognitive dissonance where the students are seeking to balance between their behaviour and their attitudes (Iwasiw, Goldenberg, & Andrusyszyn, 2008). This is often important where a person seeks to choose between the learning issues that are culturally competent from those that are not. 

This method is not popular in nursing because it inhibits acquisitions of new ideas that conflict the persons attitudes or even behaviours (Atherton, 2013). Carl Rogers experiential learning theory focuses on the applied knowledge which improves (Kearsley, 2010), despite the popularity, this learning method is still not widely used in nursing process. This trend is similar to Albert Bandura social learning theory (Iwasiw, Goldenberg, & Andrusyszyn, 2008). 

Nursing Education Theory

Want help to write your Essay or Assignments? Click here

 The learning theory foundation for nursing course is the adult learning theory (Iwasiw, Goldenberg, & Andrusyszyn, 2008).   This is because this learning theory incorporates the aspects of the other learning theories aforementioned (Atherton, 2013). Additionally, this learning theory integrates the use of case studies, simulations, role playing as well as self-evaluation by the students (Kearsley, 2010).  The students are involved during the planning as well as evaluation. The learning methods promote learning activities based on experiences (Iwasiw, Goldenberg, & Andrusyszyn, 2008). 

Additionally, this learning method puts into considerations the diversity of the learners, thus allowing integration of different materials and learning methods according to each person’s experiences (Kearsley, 2010). The learning method assumes that learning instructions is self-directed, thus the learners will enable them discover new knowledge without actually depending on other people (Atherton, 2013). This helps in promoting the nursing processes principles of leadership and cultural competence. 

This method also increases the student’s attentions, through the incorporation of modelled events as well as the use of observation characteristics (Iwasiw, Goldenberg, & Andrusyszyn, 2008).  This learning method ensures that knowledge is retention through use of symbolic learning and improvement of motor reproduction, thus ensuring that self-reinforcement. This learning method integrates other learning methods which ensures that the student attention, motivation, memory, behavioural frameworks and cognitive abilities (Iwasiw, Goldenberg, & Andrusyszyn, 2008). 


Atherton J S. (2013). Learning and Teaching; Knowles’ andragogy: an angle on adult learning [On-line: UK] retrieved 1 December 2015 from

Iwasiw, C., Goldenberg, D., & Andrusyszyn, M. A. (2008). Curriculum development in nursing education. Boston, MA: Jones & Bartlett

Kearsley, G. (2010). Andragogy (M.Knowles). The theory Into practice database. Retrieved from

Want help to write your Essay or Assignments? Click here

Continued Nursing Education Essay

Continued Nursing Education
Continued Nursing Education

Want help to write your Essay or Assignments? Click here

Continued Nursing Education

Indeed, continued nursing education should be mandatory as it enhances the professionalism that all nurses strife strive to achieve and greatly benefits the patients as well. The field of healthcare changes and regularly progresses, with new ideologies on diseases, patient care trends, technological advances, medical breakthroughs, new and revised protocols as well as research findings not to forget the wide range of information that affects nursing practice and patient care.

It is for this reasons that continued nursing education should be encouraged so that nurses can acquire the most up-to-date and accurate information present. Understanding this new information boosts the knowledge, competence, and skills of the nurse which in turn results in improved patient care and positive patient outcomes.  

Continued nursing education gives the nurse the opportunity of interacting with peers of varying levels of skills which motivates them to be educated (Rosen et al., 2012). This form of networking with peers is a great way of staying updated with the latest patient care trends in healthcare which is the ultimate goal in practice. The nurses also exchange contact information and share some of their successes and failures throughout their practice with other nurses.

This, in turn, provides invaluable insights into what services work well and what can be avoided when it comes to nursing practice. Moreover, continued nursing education touches on the latest trends in certain specialties accompanied with case scenarios that help healthcare practitioners in putting information together. The education also exposes nurse to vendors that contain certain products that may be of benefit to the particular patient population. These products can aid in the creation of a safer work environment or enhance the delivery of care.

Want help to write your Essay or Assignments? Click here

Continued nursing education is a crucial tool that improves safe and efficient nursing care (Iwasiw ET AL., 2014). The amount of knowledge required to look after patients that are critically ill cannot be acquired simply through unit experiences or at the bedside. It is the professional and legal duty for nurses to update their knowledge and apply the knowledge in their practice.


Iwasiw, C. L., Goldenberg, D., & Andrusyszyn, M. A. (2014). Curriculum development in nursing education. Jones & Bartlett Publishers.

Rosen, M. A., Hunt, E. A., Pronovost, P. J., Federowicz, M. A., & Weaver, S. J. (2012). In situ simulation in continuing education for the health care professions: a systematic reviewJournal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions32(4), 243-254.

Want help to write your Essay or Assignments? Click here

Time management

Time management
Time management

Time management, self-assessment information

One thing I have learned is that nursing student life is chaotic. Juggling between personal life, school responsibilities and other essential physiological needs are challenging. Therefore, time management skills a vital component of every great nurse.

This is because effective time management and task ease the transition process.  In the time management assessment, my score was 28, which indicates that I have above average time management skills. This implies that there is still room for improvement (Ghiasvand et al., 2017).

 The roles and responsibilities of a nurse practitioner are limitless. One has to be proficient in all healthcare aspects including financial management, interpersonal effectiveness, and leadership. To effectively manage all these responsibilities, it is important to have excellent time management skills. To start with, I will have to learn on ways to set priorities. Learning how to prioritize my tasks has been my greatest challenges.

This includes thinking through the situations using the following the following questions: which task is important? What is the consequence of not acting now? What is important? Although this feels like one is just dawdling, the process helps one learn how to prioritize activities through questioning, dialogue, and reflection. Through critical thinking process, one can break down the demands of the situation efficiently and quickly (Kourkouta & Papathanasiou, 2014).

However, it is also important to exercise some flexibility and patient. This is because part of the nursing profession is to confront the unknown. I have also learned that it is important to create a mental space so as to create a good tone for the rest of the day as it allows one to calmly assess the environment which helps one to prepare and plan. Lastly, it is important to take a break. I always find it difficult to take a break as I consider it time wasted. However, after this course, I have practiced taking 5 minutes breaks whenever necessary which greatly improves productivity and mental concentration (Ghiasvand et al., 2017).

Leadership theory that describes the leadership style

 Nursing leadership plays an integral role in the healthcare institution. The leadership styles affect their productivity and patient outcomes. It is important to understand the various types of leadership styles found in the workplace as it influences nurse’s ability to work as a team and to deliver quality care. Nurse leadership goes beyond care planning, organizing and care coordination of the patients. It entails leading the nurse team and subordinates and facilitates smooth flow of healthcare processes (Vesterinen et al., 2013).

 Many leadership theories have evolved including trait theories, behavioral theories, contingency theories and the recently contemporary theories.  My leadership style is informed by transformational theories. These are theories that focus on the relationship between leaders and group.

I feel more obliged to help the team members to fulfill their potential.  As a leader, I understand that my roles and responsibilities include promoting teamwork between team members, encouraging positive self-esteem and empowering the team members to become more involved in the development and implementation of policies and procedures (Porter-O’Grady, 2016).

Comparison between management and leadership

  Leadership and management terms are often used interchangeably in many disciplines; however, there is a big difference between two terms. According to my perception, nursing is a calling to leadership. Across the continuum, nurses are looked as leaders because we inspire, empower and motivate others. Nurses possess excellent communication and interpersonal skills and are risk takers. 

These are the core responsibilities of a leader. Nurses do not need to be in a managerial position to deliver these responsibilities; they are energetic and devote their entire life to serve the society.  Therefore, nurses are inherently leaders and are a mandatory role in healthcare (Nancarrow et al., 2013).

 However, there are various types of leadership. Authoritarian leadership is dictatorial whereas democratic leadership involves democracy where team members are included in the decision-making process. The other types of leadership are delegated where the leader allows everyone to make independent decisions. From my assessment, I am a democratic leader.

This is because I listen to other people ideas and incorporate them during the decision-making process. On the other hand, nurse management focuses mainly in fields that deal with the management of staff and the service users.  In this capacity, nurse managers are expected to fulfill the assigned tasks and projects. However, nurse managers and nurse leaders do complement each other (Porter-O’Grady, 2016).

Application of leadership concepts in work environment

 Throughout this course, the concept of health-promoting leadership in workplace focuses on the interaction between the leadership behavior and the working environment.  From my research, I have learnt that successful leaders are those who create healthy workplace. This is achieved by promoting positive climate among employees such as gratitude, compassion, and forgiveness. The main aim is to create an environment that respects each and brings out a sense of responsibility and integrity. This, in turn, creates a sense of commitment, peace, and the creation of healthy environments that are a representation of our life and values (Al-Sawai, 2013).


Al-Sawai, A. (2013). The leadership of Healthcare Professionals: Where Do We Stand? Oman Medical Journal, 28(4), 285–287.

Ghiasvand, A. M., Naderi, M., Tafreshi, M. Z., Ahmadi, F., & Hosseini, M. (2017). The relationship between time management skills and anxiety and academic motivation of nursing students in Tehran. Electronic Physician, 9(1), 3678–3684.

Kourkouta, L., & Papathanasiou, I. V. (2014). Communication in Nursing Practice. Materia Socio-Medica, 26(1), 65–67.

Nancarrow, S. A., Booth, A., Ariss, S., Smith, T., Enderby, P., & Roots, A. (2013). Ten principles of good interdisciplinary teamwork. Human Resources for Health, 11, 19.

Want help to write your Essay or Assignments? Click here

Porter-O’Grady, T. (2016). Leadership in Nursing Practice, 2nd Edition. [South University]. Retrieved from

Vesterinen, S., Suhonen, M., Isola, A., Paasivaara, L., & Laukkala, H. (2013). Nurse Managers’ Perceptions Related to Their Leadership Styles, Knowledge, and Skills in These Areas—A Viewpoint: Case of Health Centre Wards in Finland. ISRN Nursing, 2013, 951456.

Patient Care: Nursing Entrance Essay

Patient Care
Patient Care

Question One: Patient care

            The patient care that I have provided has greatly influenced my career and my decision to advance my nursing education. Although I am a licensed practical nurse (LPN), the nature of patient care that I have provided is far much above my professional level. Most of the care services I offer perfectly match those that should be performed by a registered nurse. For instance, I have been able to obtain a specialty in allergies just like a registered nurse.

Due to my commitment to patient care, I have been promoted to head the sub-acute unit of the hospital where I currently work. I have frequently had the privilege to train registered nurses who are deployed at my unit despite the fact that I belong to a lower rank than them. Surprisingly, a large percentage of registered nurses whom I have interacted with have succeeded in their careers, not only in my current hospital but also in other facilities.

            These achievements have influenced me to continue my nursing education. As Farinaz (2016) explains, there is always a limit of the nature of patient care that an LPN can provide. Being an LPN, there is a limit of what I can do to my patients and my fellow nurses. In this regard, I feel that by advancing my education, I will acquire additional nursing knowledge and skills that will enable me to possess competencies that resemble those of a registered nurse.

With these academic qualifications, I will be in a position to perform more advanced caring roles than the ones that I can offer at the moment. Furthermore, I believe that advancing my nursing education will increase the salary that I shall be able to earn. Being a single mother of three, I honestly think that I should be compensated well to motivate me to work hard because most of the tasks that are delegated to me should be performed by a registered nurse.

Question Two

            With the nursing knowledge and skills that are currently possessed, together with those that are yet to be acquired, I see myself contributing positively to the nursing profession. According to Arabi, Rafii, Cheraghi, and Ghiyasvandian, (2014), nurses make an enormous contribution to the nursing profession by protecting the quality of health care. I believe that the goal of a successful nurse is always to make a meaningful contribution to his or her profession.

I am highly committed to achieving this goal, and I increasingly utilize my work experience to make a significant change to nursing. With seven years of professional experience, I stand out as a nurse who can deliver quality patient care. Furthermore, I always strive to provide care by my educational training to protect my licensure. I work hard every day to become part of highly qualified nurses who can deliver the highest quality care as recommended by the Institute of Medicine (The Institute of Medicine, 2010).

            Furthermore, I will contribute to the nursing profession by utilizing my skills and knowledge to assist my supervisors as well as my fellow nurses. As I continue to deliver extraordinary care to patients, I extensively interact with my supervisors because this helps me to evaluate my strengths and weaknesses.

I am eager to learn to fill my knowledge gaps and to fit to work in the rapidly changing medical and nursing fields. In this manner, I will be in a position to make meaningful reforms to the nursing profession and to take patient care to a higher level. The contribution that I can make to nursing encompasses both patient advocacy and change implementation (Arabi et al., 2014).

Reference List

Arabi, A., Rafii, F., Cheraghi, M. A. & Ghiyasvandian, S. (2014). Nurses’ policy influence: A concept analysis. Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research, 19(3): 315-322.

Farinaz, H. (2016). The effect of mode of nursing care delivery and skill mix on quality and patient safety outcomes. Retrieved from

The Institute of Medicine. (2010). The future of nursing: Leading change, advancing health. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

Want help to write your Essay or Assignments? Click here.