Customer Relationship Management System at BP Plc

Customer Relationship Management System
Customer Relationship Management System

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Deployment of Customer Relationship Management System at BP Plc

Executive Summary

This project is about building a Customer Relationship Management (CRM) system for BP Plc., a London-based energy company. This corporation has approximately 84,480 workers. The economic value that BP generates every year is $360 billion and its profit in 2014 was $8.07 billion. The new system would help BP to gain competitive advantage with a measurable outcome or improve its operations in some way. The information regarding the project would be collated using qualitative methods.

The project manager will talk to the interviewees face-to-face with a listing of questions. The constraints for this project include technological issues; economic factors; and social factors. The project risks are categorized as follows: schedule, financial, technical, client, and people risks. The outcome of the cost-benefit analysis shows that this project is economically viable and can be pursued. Non-financial benefits of this project include customer loyalty, improved brand image and reputation for BP and increase in employee satisfaction.

Deployment of Customer Relationship Management system at BP Plc

This business report describes an international business project that can be solved by carrying out a short-term project pertaining to digital capabilities at British Petroleum (BP) for global customer communications at this multinational energy company. Firstly, the current situation of the firm is analyzed in order to determine a need for a particular project in this area that would improve BP’s customer relationships management. All in all, the project would help BP to gain competitive advantage with a measurable outcome or improve its operations in some way. 

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1.0 Purpose of project

The project’s purpose is to develop a customer relationship management system at BP and deploy it throughout the company. It will store data concerning BP’s clients and their interactions with BP.

1.1 Project Plan and Project Scope

Scope of the project is the part of the project planning which entails determining and documenting a listing of exact project deliverables, goals, deadlines, costs as well as tasks.   The scope is essentially what the project would deliver (Lebedeva 2015). In this project, the goal is to make improvements on BP’s Management Information System for global customer communications in order to meet the overall business needs of attaining increased sales as well as competitive advantage. A Customer Relationship Management (CRM) system would be built. It would be an information system which would maintain data regarding the company’s clients as well as their interactions with the organization.

2.0  High level analysis of business environment
2.1 Micro and Macro (Internal and External factors)
2.1.1  Porters 5 Forces

Intensity of competition: High – BP operates in a market that is very competitive. Some of the main private sector players which are BP’s competitors include Royal Dutch Shell, ExxonMobil, Texaco, Total, and Chevron. These main competitors have established presence all over the globe and they employ costly differentiation and branding strategies in their operations. It is notable that low switching costs, high storage and real property costs, low levels of product differentiation and rapid global growth foster more intense rivalry amongst the existing competitors in the gas and oil sector.

Bargaining power of suppliers: High – The suppliers mainly comprise the countries in which the oil and gas company extracts the commodity. These oil-producing countries such as Venezuela, Nigeria, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Iran and other Oil Producing and Exporting Countries (OPEC) have a high bargaining power given that they can easily manipulate the oil and gas prices for instance by reducing or increasing the availability of gas and oil (Reckdahl 2015). The OPEC countries establish prices for gas and oil and this affects both the supply as well as price levels.

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Bargaining power of buyers: Medium – There is medium bargaining power of consumers since the cost of switching to other products is high. There is growing demand for oil and gas in the marketplaces particularly in the emerging markets of China and India. There is the growing need for clean, eco-friendly fuels. The oil companies can sell their products to many customers.

Threat of substitute products: Low – At the moment, there are few commercially exploitable substitutes. Non-renewable sources of fuel which may pose a threat to BP’s oil and gas production and retail mainly includes coal. There are also emergent alternative fuels such as wind energy, photovoltaic energy or solar power, nuclear energy, geothermal power as well as other renewable sources of energy although they do not pose a significant threat to BP (Helman 2012).

Threat of new entrants: Low – The likelihood of new players penetrating the oil and gas industry is low thanks to high barriers to entry that discourage other companies from entering this industry. High amount of capital is required to enter this market. New companies may lack the necessary personnel and financial capital essential for operating in the oil and gas industry. There are high exploration and development costs and financial institutions do not provide financing for exploratory activities (Reckdahl 2015).

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2.2 Information research needs

Collecting information from various sources is an essential part of this project. Determining what information would help to effectively execute the project is something that would be done prior to gathering any sort of data. It is notable that wasting time in collating incorrect type of information could set any given project back and cost the organization so much money (Cunningham, Salomone & Wielgus 2015). Collection of information will start only after obtaining a thorough and clear listing of information required for the project.

In this project, helpful information would be gathered by talking to the right individuals. BP’s senior managers and the company’s employees who have worked for BP for over 24 months have extensive experience and they can offer quality information which may be helpful to this project. The information would be gathered using qualitative methods and interviews would be used. The project manager will sit down and talk to the interviewees face-to-face with a listing of questions. The information gathered will help in determining exactly what the client requirements are with regard to the new digital technologies.

2.3 Stakeholder Analysis

Stakeholders are basically those entities that could influence the project. The stakeholders of this project are formally tabulated as follows:

Table 1: Stakeholder analysis

 StakeholderLevel of influence or powerInterest in the project / level of involvementStakeholder expectationsActions to meet expectations
1ClientHighOwner of the project. Controls the financial resources. Makes decisions.New and improved Management Information System (CRM) for global customer communications to meet overall business needs of attaining increased sales and competitive advantageSpecify requirements for the new/improved system, provide financial resources
2Regulatory bodiesMediumCertify the new digital technology deployed at the client organizationManagement information system that meets defined standards and regulatory requirementsApprove system if meets standards and satisfies needs of customer
3Project teamLowDesigns the new digital technology, deploys and implements it at client organization, BP. Project team has specialist skills needed by the projectExecute the projectComplete the project within budget, deliver the required project deliverables, and complete the project by due date
4SupplierLowSupplies the digital technology; the CRM systemBe notified of the client’s expectations regarding the new systemSupply CRM system that meet needs of end-user

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2.4 Constraints Analysis (Internal and External)

Constraints essentially place conditions or limits on the project. Constraints could originate either from internal or external factors. Being able to identify constraints implies that an analysis has been carried out on the proposed project (Rivard & Dupré 2011). The external constraints for this project include the following: technological issues; environmental concerns or issues; economic factors; social factors; and political factors. The internal constraints include predetermined budget; expertise on the specific CRM system to be deployed at BP; hard deadline; resources; legal requirements; and business requirements.

2.5 Benchmarks

The new improved CRM at BP should result in the following:

(i) BP should focus more on its relationships with individual customers and suppliers.

(ii) There would be improved customer experience since employees at BP would have access to comprehensive relationship detail anywhere they work to engage with the company’s customers and provide excellent services.

(iii) Users would be able to check order histories instantly in order to comprehend the buying patterns of consumers and identify new opportunities for selling BP’s products (Shanks, Jagielska & Jayaganesh 2010).

(iv) BP would be able to do business wherever by having dependable access to customer, relationship, as well as sales detail needed with the use of CRM app. Some of these benefits have been realized by Chevron, which deployed a new CRM system organization-wide within the last 5 years. 

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3.0 Risk Analysis and Control
3.1 Sources/categories of risk

The potential risks for the project fall in the following categories: schedule, financial, technical, client, people, cost and contractual. The project manager will assume total authority of minimizing the chances of occurrence of risks whilst implementing the project. In this project, the risks would be handled by mitigating them. If a risk cannot be avoided, they can be mitigated. This basically implies taking some kind of action which would cause the risk to cause as little harm to the project as possible (Söderlund & Müller 2014).

3.2 Risk assessment

After identifying the possible project risks, they are evaluated basing upon the likelihood that a risk event would crop up and the possible loss associated with the risk. All risks are not the same. Some risk events have a higher chance of happening in comparison to other risk events and the cost of any given risk could differ very much (Huff & Prybutok 2010). Assessing the risk for likelihood of occurrence and the severity or possible loss to the project is an important step in the process of risk management.

                                                Impact High                                                                                                            Low
Likelihood                         Low
High impact risk and likely to happen Technical PeopleLow impact risk and likely to happen Technological risks  
High impact risk but not likely to happen ScheduleFinancialLow impact risk but not likely to happen Contractual

Projects risks which are considered as high-impact are the ones that may increase the costs of the project by 10 percent or more. Just a few possible risk events actually meet these criteria. Low impact project risks are the risk events which could increase the costs of the project by less than 10%. It is the high-impact project risk events which the project management team would be focusing on when formulating the project management or mitigation plan.  Through risk assessment, the project management team gets to understand the possible risk events which have the greatest likelihood of happening and could cause the greatest negative impact on the project (Hartman & Ashrafi 2010).

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3.3 Risk analysis using Force Field Analysis

Force Field Analysis (FFA) was conceptualized by Kurt Lewin and is commonly employed in change management. This technique facilitates change in an organization as it seeks to understand 2 differing sets of forces: that is, driving forces which foster organizational change and hindering forces that strive to sustain the status quo (Cunningham, Salomone & Wielgus 2015). By methodically taking into account the persons, attitudes, customs, and habits which both hinder and drive the capacity of the company to change to attain its goals, FFA helps in sharpening the findings of the risk assessment process.

In this project, since the objective of BP Plc is to improve its Management Information System (CRM) for global customer communications so as to meet the overall business goals of accomplishing increased sales and gain competitive advantage, the driving forces include competition, scorecard reporting of progress, and monitoring by the company’s management. Examples of restraining forces include insufficient expertise or training to implement and use the system, employee resistance to change, and the lack of meaningful data for measuring results prior to and following implementation of the change.    

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3.4 Risk Control/response/management programme
3.4.1 Risk mitigation

The common strategies for mitigating risks are risk transfer, risk reduction, risk sharing and risk avoidance. Each of these techniques of mitigating risks could be effectual in decreasing individual risks as well as the project’s risk profile. It is notable that the risk mitigation plan spells out the approach for mitigating each risk event that was identified as well as the actions which would be taken to eliminate or decrease the risk (Ku 2010).

Mitigating technical risks: when tasks are delegated to individuals in the project team, the technical capability and skill of those people may be overlooked. This will in turn increase the probability of delaying the project and not meeting its deadline. In this project, a delay such as this would be avoided by way of increasing the frequency of communication between the members of the project team and closely monitoring their tasks during execution of the project.

The other alternative entails dividing an intricate task between members of the project team and then delegating every part to one group member. When a complex/difficult technical task is reduced into simple, smaller tasks, the time of implementation might increase but the likelihood of missing the deadline for completion of the task could be managed given that the risk which is involved in the undertaking is diversified amongst many people (Besteiro, de Souza Pinto & Novaski 2015).

Mitigating financial risks: it is not easy to estimate risk factors which are cost-based. The project manager will develop an intuition with regard to decisions so that the decisions which would increase the costs of carrying out a given task could be avoided. The project manager will utilize sophisticated techniques to estimate costs. Some of these techniques include Program Evaluation and Review Technique (PERT)/Critical Path Method (CPM). These could be employed in overseeing how tasks are deployed and to analyze the risks that are involved. The project manager can also employ advanced techniques like Expected Monetary Value which provides an insight on fiscal loss or gain if an event occurs or does not occur.

Mitigating scheduling risks: implementing the right tasks at the correct time will help in lowering the risk of not meeting the deadline of the project. Tasks of the project could be allocated to team members in 2 different ways. First is by calculating the estimated processing time of every task and executing the tasks basing upon the Shortest Processing Time (SPT). The second approach involves defining the due dates for every task and then process them basing upon the Earliest Due Date (EDD).

In essence, the project manager would choose which approach to utilize to schedule tasks and delegate them to the project team members who are associated with the implementation of the project. The Monte Carlo Simulation method is an advanced technique that can be used to decrease the risks whilst scheduling work-based tasks (Huff & Prybutok 2010).   

Mitigating people risks: the project team may lose crucial personnel who are important for successful completion of the project. To effectively mitigate this potential risk event, the project management team will sign up new personnel to help implement the project successfully and complete in time and within the specified budget.

Mitigating technological risks: this project entails improving BP’s management information system by deploying a new digital technology that includes a state-of-the-art Customer Relationship Management system. Possible risks are that this new system may have include technological flaws, and the members of the project team may lack familiarity with this new digital technology. To mitigate against this risk event, the project management team would ensure that every project team member is familiar with the CRM system which would be deployed at BP. Furthermore, the project management team will make sure that the procured CRM information system is flawless, perfect and works appropriately.

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3.5 Contingency planning

The risk plan will balance the investment of risk mitigation against the benefits for this project. It is notable that an alternative approach would be developed by the project team. This alternative method would be used to complete the project and accomplish the goal when a particular risk event has occurred which might actually hinder the attainment of the project goal. In essence, these plans are referred to as contingency plans (Parker & Mobey 2010). In this project, the project team would set aside contingency monies for addressing any unforeseen events which may result in an increase in project costs.

These contingency amounts will amount to $72,114. The project manager would manage contingency monies at the project level and will need the project sponsor’s approval prior to using the contingency funds. People risks for instance losing some skilled and proficient project team members who have the required technical expertise to effectively complete the project would be mitigated with a contingency plan which will entail hiring a skilled expert to help implement the project and accomplish the project goals.

Table 2: Contingency budget

 Phase of projectContingency budget
1System Design  $3,114
2System creation$17,000
3Hardware acquisition$19,000
4Implementation  $21,000
5Testing the CRM system$7,000
6Deployment throughout BP  $5,000
3.6 Resource reviews and personnel requirements

Resources refer to the items needed to implement the project activities. For this particular project, the resources needed are as follows:

Money/budget – roughly $337,700 would be needed considering that the project would be carried out to integrate all of BP’s Management Information Systems worldwide. This money would be expended on overheads, subcontracting, subsistence and travel, acquiring the most recent CRM system for BP, equipment as well as staff costs.

Time – the project is to be completed within 12 months. If the project manager succeeds in meeting schedule of the project, then this project manager will be very likely to stay within the project budget. For time to be managed effectively, the project management team will detail and prioritize the various project activities.

Equipment and materials: the project manager will ensure that the right equipment is available and at the right time and that it actually operates as it should. The equipment in this project mainly includes computers. Materials comprise an extensive category of requirements for instance utility services like access to the internet, telephone lines, electricity, office space and office materials utilized by the project team members.

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3.7 Personnel Requirements

The most significant resource for this project are the human resources. It would always be important to have the right personnel who possess the required skills. The project management team will ensure that everyone is aware of what is needed to be done in the project, how to do it and when. The staffs would be motivated to take ownership of the project. The key personnel for this project will include administrator, project manager, project staff, project sponsor, and technical advisor.

The Responsible, Accountable, Consulted and Informed (RACI) matrix outlines the business areas which are responsible for project deliverables. Every role is separate and different from other roles, although a single individual could be responsible for several roles. The RACI matrix for this project is as follows:

Table 3: RACI for personnel requirements

 Project managerProject Team membersClient/ownerSponsorTechnical advisor
Project planningARRII
Provision of resourcesRCAAC
Development of CRM systemARIIC
Content ReviewARIIR
Usability TestingARCIC
Installation of the CRM system companywide at BP.ARCCC

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BP Plc. 2015, BP at a glance. Retrieved from

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Patient Customer Service Quality

Patient Customer Service Quality
Patient Customer Service Quality

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Clinical Quality: Patient Customer Service Quality

The clinical quality and the customer service quality which brings about the patient experience is used in the evaluation of the type of healthcare provided to the patients. The patient experience that results from the type of health care received is an essential outcome that is linked with the organization quality which is relevant when it comes to the management and assessment of care (Ahmad et al, 2015).

Despite the relationship between customer service quality and clinical quality, there exist some differences that are brought about by various factors. These factors include poor communication affecting the compliance to treatment, poor standards of care and also poor access to services for the customers which affect the provision of Medicare (Amin et al, 2013). The increased aspect of clinical quality is bound to deteriorate the patient-centered care which is enhanced by enhancing quality customer services.

The lack of satisfaction of the services offered at the health centers has prompted the customers to file complaints related to allegations of poor quality care, mistreatment, abuse and also neglect by the care providers. The East view health Centre is one medical nursing home that has received such complaints from the customers. The nursing home is located in the Birmingham has a 59% occupancy rate.

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The health Centre has a bed capacity of 112 beds occupied by the patients. The health Centre is part of the multiple nursing homes ownership under the for-profit corporation (Ihle et al, 2016). The complaints that are reported by the customers are attributed to the challenges and problems experienced in the center. All challenges and problems are closely related to the delivery of care to the patients.

The issue of protecting the patients from misappropriation of personal property, neglect and also mistreatment is highlighted as one of the complaints reported. The complaint relating to the provision of healthcare by the qualified practitioners to each of the patient’s written care plan. The issue of the provision of adequate supervision to reduce the cases of accidents and other health related hazards in the nursing home is also filed as a complaint received from the customers (Ihle et al, 2016).

There are various customer service quality and quality clinical operations that take place in the health Centre. Some of the customer services offered at the health Centre include social work services, therapy services, activities services and physician services among other many. The nurses in the health centers offer services that aim at ensuring the patients are safe and included in the treatment planning process which enhances the patient-centered care for the satisfaction of the customers (Ahmad et al, 2015).

The center also provides care and treatment to patients to reduce the cases of injuries healing the existing bed sores and also prevention of the new bed pressure. The nursing facilities are provided to the patients in the health Centre where the services are expected to be quality with cleanliness and visual appealing facilities. There has been questions and issues about the service quality in the health Centre, which influences the patient’s satisfaction and perception about the nursing home.

The problems and complaints reported by the patients fault some of the quality customer services offered by the health Centre. In this case, the quality is not given full credit for its services. Misappropriations and mistreatment of the patient are some of the complaints relating to customer services that show some inefficiencies (Ihle et al, 2016).

 The customer service quality when it comes to staffing and the timely delivery of care indicates lower quality of care as per the expectations of the patients. The have been complaints about the satisfaction of the patients as per the services they received in the nursing home. There are mental health services, as well as other therapy services offered by the nursing home, has been faulted by the complaints relating to the maintenance and recognition of the individuality of the patients. The patients respect the practitioners to ensure their dignity and respect is fully upheld to enhance a good nurse-patient relationship and satisfaction to quality of care provided.

The clinical quality refers to the accuracy of the procedures and diagnosis tasks carried out by the care providers to the patients (Ihle et al, 2016). The East view health Centre has tried to ensure that the quality of care is offered as per the professional specifications. Special attentions should be on delivering service quality. The health Centre has made efforts aimed at prevention of the infections in the health Centre and also enhancing the proper mechanisms that control the spreading of the infections (Burwell, 2015).

However, there has been complaints relating to the efforts by the nursing home to ensure efficient control of infections and prevention of diseases and injuries which indicates some improvements need to be done to ensure the clinical quality of all operations. The East view health center has effectively kept organized, accurate and complete records for its patients as per the professional standards set.

The availability of qualified professionals that provide care by the written care plan of the patients has led to complaints about the clinical quality in the health Centre. By the inspection results the nursing home is expected to improve their care operations for the patients requiring special services to ensure clinical quality. These services include respiratory care, tracheostomy care, injections and prostheses among other many offered to the patients. Recommendations by the inspection unit to improve on the safety measures is an indicator of the substandard quality care that needs the remedy (Burwell, 2015).

There are various techniques that can be adopted to improve the clinical care and customer service quality in the health Centre. Proposing the implementation and adherence to the patient-centered type of care is one of the techniques that would seek to improve the quality of customer service care at the health Centre. The technique seeks to address issues such as delays of care and lack of full involvement in the treatment plans which highlight some of the complaints reported at East view center.

Training the healthcare providers and offering the technical assistance as well as providing the evidence-based recommendations is a key technique in enhancing them to provide the quality customer service care to the patients. The technique of ensuring inspection to take disciplinary measures for those mistreating the patients and neglecting them to the extent of offering substandard care is vital to improving the quality of the customer service care (Amin et al, 2013). Adoption of these techniques effectively addresses the complaints and the problems that hinder quality services to the customers.

The quality clinical care in the nursing care requires some improvement to ensure the services are offered as per the professional specifications. The shape up of the administration and the staff to enhance the coordination between healthcare providers through the formation of teams which leads to cooperation is a technique that improves clinical care in the nursing home (Ahmad et al, 2015). The technique ensures they care to work together to meet the standards of quality care.

Appointing an internal inspection to identify regularly the areas that need some quality improvement is an important technique that enhances improved clinical care quality. Ensuring the integrated health services and designing a program that controls, investigated and manages infections in the nursing home is an efficient technique in ensuring the improved quality of clinical care. The effective adoption and implementation of the techniques lead to the overall improvement in the quality of care offered in the East view health center.


Abuosi, A. A., & Atinga, R. A. (2013). Service quality in healthcare institutions: establishing the gaps for policy action. International journal of health care quality assurance, 26(5), 481-492.

Ahmad, A., Nurhanis Syazni, R., Jamilah Al-Muhammady, M., & Muhamad Saiful Bahri, Y. (2015). Medical Graduates’ Perception on the Quality of Clinical Education. Education In Medicine Journal, 7(4), e52-e59. doi:10.5959/eimj.v7i4.401

Amin, M., & Zahora Nasharuddin, S. (2013). Hospital service quality and its effects on patient satisfaction and behavioural intention. Clinical Governance: An International Journal, 18(3), 238-254.

Burwell, S. M. (2015). Setting value-based payment goals—HHS efforts to improve US health care. N Engl J Med, 372(10), 897-899.

Ihle, C., Ateschrang, A., Grünwald, L., Stöckle, U., Saier, T., & Schröter, S. (2016). Health-related quality of life and clinical outcomes following medial open wedge high tibial osteotomy: a prospective study. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, 171-11. doi:10.1186/s12891-016-1076-x

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Marketing Concept

Marketing Concept
Marketing Concept

Marketing Concept

Question 1

According to Jobber & Ellis-Chadwick (2012), marketing is the process by which companies create value for customers and build strong customer relationships to capture value from customers in return. The marketing concept can be defined as the strategy that companies implement with the aims of satisfying customers’ needs, increasing sales, maximizing profits and overcoming competition in the business environment.

            The marketing concept is a function of the marketing. Marketing can thus be said to be a department of management that is charged with the responsibility of trying to design strategies that will build profitable relationships with the target customers. Marketing is essential to every firm as it defines how well a firm will conduct its business to succeed. It shows the manner and way in which the firm is willing and able to go to fulfil the needs of their clients. 

The product concept is one of the marketing concepts. This concept is mainly focused on the design and quality of products. With this concept, it is believed that customers will automatically buy products that are of high quality. Consumers are known and believed to favor products that offer the most quality, performance, or innovative features. With this concept, research and development is an essential element.

 It is important for firms to invest in research and development to ensure that they sell the products that are believed to be the best to the consumers. Firms do not bother to study the market and consumer in depth. The main belief with the product concept is to the consumers. The consumers are believed to more likely be loyal if they have more options of products or if they get more benefits from the products of the firm.

Marketing concept: Limitations

Despite the advantages of product concept, it does have its limitations that may hinder the efficiency of the firm in trying to satisfy its customers. The first limitation arises from the fact that firms rely on the product to “sell itself” based on its quality, performance, and reliability. This, however, can result in negligence of some audiences from the advertising. In the market, there may be some potential consumers who would have bought the product.

Failing to advertise this product to the real potential consumers means that they will not be aware of its launch or availability. This reduces the firm’s consumer reach, market share, revenues and overall profitability. Another disadvantage arises if the firm fails to carry out a detailed research about its target audience. This means that the firm will miss the essential advertising opportunities. Additionally, the firm will not be able to supply the product specifications for the audience’s desires and needs.

Question 2

The current business environment is changing, and this means that marketing is changing too. Some of the reasons that lead to a change in the business environment are globalization and technology. Currently, a successful marketing strategy is where a firm lets its customers find them through strong search engine presence or through discovering the value of the firm’s service.

With the changes in the business environment, there is the rise in international marketing and firms need to keep up with is to be sustainable and competitive. According to Jobber & Ellis-Chadwick (2012), international marketing is defined as identifying needs and wants of customers in different markets and cultures, providing products, services, technologies and ideas to give the firm a competitive marketing advantage, communicating information about these products and services and distributing and exchanging them internationally through one or a combination of foreign market entry modes.

The modern market is characterized by inbound marketing. With the increase in technology and globalization, consumers are searching for and purchasing services and products online. The firms have thus shifted their focus on content creation, social media, search engine optimization and landing pages. Currently, marketing is centered on content, and this means that firms are required to attract and maintain customers with information and content. 

With technological advances, there has been the increase in the use of social media as a marketing strategy to influence consumers and customers. Several firms are on social with Facebook accounts, twitter handles, Instagram as well as LinkedIn accounts. The reason behind social media is that it is a great tool for cultivating relationships with customers and sharing contents. Firms effectively distribute their content to potential clients through social media as it allows them to immediately see if people like, commenting or sharing its content. The better the content of the firm is, then the more likely the firm will gain new customers.

In the modern marketing environment, marketers combine inbound marketing with the outbound promotion. Despite the fact that inbound marketing is cost effective, it cannot however fully substitute outbound promotion. Additionally, modern marketing strategies leverage iterative execution and optimization by exploring new channels as well as adopting innovative tools and technologies. The best way to maximize marketing efficiency is through technology and optimization in the modern market.

Efficiency is enhanced through elimination of manual tasks, the establishment of communication workflows, centralization of data reports as well as facilitation of events. Additionally, modern marketing enables firms to adapt to market shifts as well as to outdo the competition by improving creative strategies and solutions. Finally, it is important for firms to measure and analyze their performance. This will enable a firm to determine the marketing strategies that are working and improve them.


Jobber, D, and Ellis-Chadwick, F., 2012. Principles and practice of marketing (No.7th). McGraw-Hill Higher Education.

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Competitive Advantage: Case Study

Competitive advantage
Competitive advantage

The new product that is being introduced as part of Whirpool production will be marketed along the market chains that the company has used and has competitive advantage over other products in the market. The company will concentrate on marketing the product in the Western nations, followed by the Asian countries and lastly the African nations based on the sales margin of their earlier products (Chakraborty, 2017).

Customers in the industry have expressed the problem of having their refrigerator doors not tightly closing when they are shut.The company GE appliances that is one of the competitors has admitted to the existence of the problem on their website, but they have only provided a limited number of solutions (Refrigerator-Freezer Door Pops Open, 2017).

In the industry, none of the companies have come up with a long-lasting solution like the new invention. The product will provide the company with a competitive advantage in the consumer home appliances. The company does sell their products in over 170 countries, and by the first quarter of 2017, they had a market share of 34.33% (Whirlpool Corp Comparison to its competitors, market share, and competitiveness by Segment-CSIMarket, 2017).

How to Achieve a Competitive Advantage

In order to succeed in any market a company has to decide which strategy is more appropriate to use, which means identifying the sources of a potential competitive advantage such as skills or resources. Superior skills in creating a special product can represent the element that is setting the company apart from its competitors. That is easily translated into a very good quality of the products.

Reference List

Chakraborty, A. (2017). Leverage Analysis: A Study on Whirlpool LTD. Nopal Institute of Management Studies-Department of Management.

Refrigerator-Freezer Door Pops Open. (2017). Retrieved 15 September 2017, from

Whirlpool Corp Comparison to its Competitors, Market share, and Competitiveness by Segmet-CSIMarket. (2017). Retrieved 15 September 2017, from

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