Proposal for the Formal Analytical Report

Proposal for the Formal Analytical Report

Write an informal proposal seeking approval for the topic of your recommendation report.

• What problem will your report address?
• Have you clearly defined a conflict between a desired situation and the current situation for a specific audience, the audience of your recommendation report?
• Whose problem is it? In other words, who will read your final report? (Your audience for the final report must be someone in a position of authority who is able to implement your recommendations.) Why is this problem significant for the intended audience of your final report?
• Can you demonstrate to me in this proposal that you are capable of unbiased research? While you may already have a single solution in mind, avoid presenting that solution as the only possible solution at this point. Convince me that you are willing to seek out and examine any number of solutions.
• What sorts of research will you conduct during the course of your study? What will it take to gather the necessary information and complete your analysis? Only secondary research should be conducted.
• What makes you qualified to carry out this project? Is the project related to your major? Your career plans? Your present—or previous—employment? Also, keep in mind that it isn’t always a case of “what you know,” but whether you know people who can provide you with the information you need.
• Can you complete your report by the due date, using resources available to you?
• Do you have a plan or schedule that shows specifically when certain activities must be completed if you are to finish this project on time?

Select your information and organize it in a persuasive and accessible letter. Include:

• An introduction that contains a clear and concise RCPS (to gain my approval), along with a preview of the letter’s contents. The introduction is also a good place to note who the audience of your formal analytical report will be. In other words, whose problem are you proposing to solve?
• A section of background information (if necessary)
• A section on the problem that includes a detailed, well-developed problem statement.
• A section that describes some possible solutions to the problem (if necessary)
• A section describing the research you plan on conducting. Convince me you know what kinds of information you’ll need, as well as where to find it.
• A discussion of your credentials. Convince me that you have the qualifications needed, as well as access to the sources you’ll need, to conduct your research.
• A schedule. Convince me that you know what activities your research will require and that you can complete them on time.
• A conclusion that formally requests permission to proceed.



comparing of TWO stories from The Literary Traveler edited by Larry Dark.



1. Write about a time that you lost, but felt like a winner because you gave one hundred percent effort.

2. Write about a time when most people doubted you would succeed, but you proved them wrong.



Technical communication is meant to be used and not just read. Good technical communication communicates information to an audience who will act on that information in a variety of ways: in making hiring decisions, in following technical procedures, in developing research plans, and more. In this assignment, you will evaluate the accessibility, usability, and relevance of a piece of technical communication—that is, you will analyze whether the document effectively communicates the necessary information to its audience and where it fails to do so. In this way, the assignment will start with the evaluation skills you applied in Assignment #1 to help you to continue exploring the basic elements of technical communication.

Analyzing Technical Communication Practices
Your analysis should demonstrate that you understand the basic principles of technical communication discussed in the first chapter of the textbook. The process you will follow in this assignment is relatively straightforward. I will provide you with analysis points based on the characteristics detailed in Gurak & Lannon, Chapter 1. You will study a document and then determine how well it relies (or doesn’t) on effective technical communication practices. You will then present your analysis in a memo to me.
There are three steps to this assignment:

(1) Choose a piece of technical communication to analyze. I have provided you with three documents from which to choose: an application, a booklet, and a guide. Citizens use the application to apply for home energy assistance; science teachers and students use the booklet to design environmental projects; employers use the guide to create a workplace first aid program. These documents are representative of technical communication.

(2) Evaluate your chosen document for usability. This will involve reading the document carefully, paying attention to the features that enable use. (In other words, how did the author structure the document so that readers could access and use the information effectively and efficiently?) I provide specific points of analysis below.

(3) Write a memo to me that organizes your rhetorical analysis in both a logical and convincing way. (I am your audience.) Follow the memo format described by Gurak & Lannon (pp. 189-192).


the book for the Essay from Contemporary Culture by Katherine Anne Ackley. )

These essays are not simple so do not be surprised if you read them maybe even four times, particularly Nandrea’s writing. They do though provide an opportunity for you to dig deep into yourself, as you reflect on such important issues, that do/will affect your lives either directly or indirectly. I look forward to what you come up with, and how you might grow in your struggle to finally produce your essay.

I do expect that you final essay draft will demonstrate a reflection of both the information in the essays you do draw on (Nandrea’s, or Rosenblatt’s and Peck’s) and how your main thesis connects with life outside of the essays – experiences in your life, in those you know, with other information you make connections with. I do not expect this to be some expanded/fancy summary of any author/s work.


v v You want to develop the concept of thesis, your main idea, your main point. You do this as you work on your essay, as you write focused free writes and drafts, working to make the thesis clear, significant, and recognizable to your readers by the end of the first paragraph (and found in just one, stated, point-of-view sentence).

v v You want to provide support for your thesis with concrete examples that your readers can follow logically. This certainly includes sensory details, and clear definitions of terms you use. Clearly defining words or phrases (at least what your definitions are) that may be emotionally loaded or controversial, will keep all readers with you, even if the ideas you develop are ones the readers may not agree with.

v v You want to include at least TWO quotes or paraphrased references from the essay/s you use as your springboard. In addition, if you wish, you can quote or make reference from other authors too. In quoting, be sure to introduce with a signal phrase which needs to include both the full nameof the author and the full name of the title of the essay. (If you refer to the author again after that in your essay, just use the author’s last name.) The following is just one example for when sourcing the author the first time: Lorri Nandrea, in her essay “Having No Hand in the Matter”makes this poignant statement: “The Furies betray us, and then we betray them” (pg. 26). Notice that quotation marks surround the actual words of the author (Nandrea), and that the page # that ends it is enclosed in parenthesis. Finally, remember that Ackley is the editor of our text and NOT the author of the individual essays.

Although this essay falls under the category of argument and persuasion, and includes defining terms clearly (particularly if you use suggestion #1), the goal of your writing is to help your reader follow your reasoning and then to appreciate HOW you presented the material, and the telling of YOUR story, the unfolding of YOUR thinking about the subject. The reader does not necessarily have to agree with you.

You, like ALL WRITERS, will face either the blank screen or the white page when you begin. DO plunge in and start writing something. As with all your essays, you will want to have, by the end of your work on this paper, an introduction and thesis sentence in your first paragraph, supporting details in the next several paragraphs, and a concluding paragraph with a strong sense of closure for the reader. Be sure also to have a title!



In your opinion, which selection could act as the most powerful deterrent against another Holocaust? Do you agree that keeping the memory of the Holocaust alive will make it less likely that such an event will occur again? What value do you see in reading and studying Holocaust literature?

Psychology and mental health contribution to oppressive status quo

essay/experimental-psychology-psychological-research-statistics/">psychology and menatal health can contribute to opressive status quo”. what do you think this mean and how can you use this in the social work practice?

essay/experimental-psychology-psychological-research-statistics/">Psychology deals with learning about the behavior or mind of someone or a group of individuals. Mental health can be defined as a standard level of being psychologically well of an individual .On the other hand oppression is exercising power or authority either mentally or physically on an individual or a group of individuals in an unfair way. Finally status quo is trying to maintain the running of present things the way they are. Therefore the idea of learning about an individual’s mind and getting to understand their psychological levels of well being can lead to one easily controlling or having authority over the said individuals in an unfair way thus oppressing them in the quest to trying to maintain the way things are “status quo”
Social practice
essay/experimental-psychology-psychological-research-statistics/">Psychology and mental health mostly deal with making assumptions about individuals, therefore this can be practiced in a social setting, for instance, leaders of different governments do make research and employ psychologists to critically analyze behaviors of the people they are leading, so that they can learn how to maintain their authority over them and this automatically leads to oppression.
In the world to today, politicians are the major people who have perfected the art essay/experimental-psychology-psychological-research-statistics/">psychology and mental health to oppress people since they want to maintain power and remain in authority for long to protect themselves and their interests (Bunch, 1987)
If individuals or different kinds of people realize their own abilities, then they will be able to contribute to their society thus making it hard for any other person to oppress them through essay/experimental-psychology-psychological-research-statistics/">psychology and mental health.


Bunch, C. (1987)  Passionate politics. New York: St. Martin’s Press.

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Tragedy and Sexuality

Discus about Tragedy and Sexuality………………..



1). Tragedy as a concept in drama was introduced by Aristotle in some of his art forms [i.e. his poetics] where he posits that tragedy stems from the “Choral dithyrambs’ leader [these were the hymns that were sung and also danced to praise the god Dionysos who was considered the god of fertility and wine]. Tragedy [especially in the early forms of art] could be divided into the Greek tragedy and the Roman tragedy. As noted above, Greek [Athenian] tragedy were furthered by Aristotle were performed in honor of the god Dionysos. The Roman tragedies were pioneered by Andronicus Livius and thus formed an important part of Roman drama. Naevious Gneaus was also another pioneer of the Roman tragedies [although his works were accepted as comedies]. The development of these tragedies however was not realized especially during the Middle Ages. However, in the 16th century, tragedies resurrected and were a dominant force in the theatres during the period. This period saw the birth of some great writers like Plautus and Aristophanes. The tragedies during this period centered around the themes of miracle plays, farces, plays on morality as well as mystery plays. Writers like Shakespeare came up with powerful tragedies [Hamlet]. What has been the debate however is the fact that modern artists have been accused of failing to imitate their pioneers in creation of tragedies. They have been accused of moving away from this concept. However, is this really the case? The aim of this paper therefore is to work on finding out whether modern artist have shunned tragedies altogether.
To understand this debate, a person has to understand the use of tragedy especially by the pioneer Aristotle. A person has to consider; what were the characteristics that he considered vital for a tragedy? When he wrote some on of his pioneering work on the subject [Poetics] he made the tragedy be associated with dignity and seriousness [at least that was the same definition he gave to the ‘tragedies’]. He was of the idea that it has to represent an individual who was undergoing deterioration in his fortunes. This he explained was an important aspect of the tragedy because it helped in creation of emotion [mostly fear and pity] within the audience. This way the tragedy achieves catharsis and presents healing to the audience as they relate to the experiences and the emotions that are depicted through the tragedy. He further posited that the tragedy should achieve complexity [as opposed to simplicity]. This way it was bound to achieve its agenda of invoking pity and fear amongst the audience as this was the main aim of this type of art. To be able to achieve the intended deterioration the tragedy had to represent flaws in the character of the hero which had to be construed as a mistake [this was because the tragedies traced their originality to Hamartanein which was a sport which involved a spear thrower failing to hit the supposed target]. The mistake that the hero made [according to Aristotle] was the cause of negative happenings and that the happenings were not caused as a result defects in the morality of the hero.
The above discussion is based on the older forms of tragedy. Modern artists have been accused of shunning form such a definition of tragedy. However, I do not think this is the case. With the rise of the Bourgeoisie in society, the Bourgeois tragedy did develop too [more so during the 18th century]. This period of Enlightenment also did change the way plays were depicted and especially tragedies. However, the reliance of the fundamentals of tragedies has remained constant. If one is to consider the play Oedipus, there can be found several tragedies in the play, in the beginning of the play, it is seen that many are suffering due to the lack of food to eat. As the story progresses, the tragedy of who killed the king depicts itself and Oedipus later finds out that he was the one who killed the king and has to take out his eyes as form of punishment for his actions. This depicted tragedy on his part. A more recent play ‘The Effects of Gamma Rays on Man in the Moon Marigold’ depicts tragedy when the rabbit is killed by Beatrice. This was tragedy especially because the rabbit was a darling to the audience. This serves to show that the fundamentals of tragedies have not changed. What I can point out as the main difference is the definition of heroes in tragedies. While Aristotle maintained that tragedies are concerned with the high and mighty in society [that is tragedy can only happen to the high and mighty in society], it has been disputed by modern literature that that is not the case.  Arthur Miller (1-2) in his book ‘Tragedy and the Common Man’ argues against the dictum posited Aristotle and says that tragedy can happen to anyone in the society. This according to me is the main difference in modern tragedies as compared to tragedies during Aristotle’s period.

2). There is no other sensitive topic that evokes much emotion in a human being as that of sexuality. It is one of the concepts that have been easy to define due its universal and intimate nature. At least every person in this world is born with some sexual orientation inscribed in their genes and in their characteristic. It is a concept that is self taught and one that is self evoking. Sexuality can be described as the capacity by a human being to posses, respond and also experience erotic emotions. It can also be used to describe the sexual orientation of a person [i.e. pansexuality, heterosexuality, bisexuality and homosexuality].  The sexuality of humans usually bears a lot on the philosophical, cultural, legal as well as political aspects of human life.
In Aristophanes play Lysistrata sexuality of the women has been used throughout the play to affect the political and cultural life of the society. To be very honest, the play is all about sex, but Aristophanes has succeeded in showing the positive aspects of sex. As mentioned above sexuality has been has got great effect in the cultural life of a society as well as the political life. The main characters in the book, Lysistrata, Myrrhina and Kalonike come up with a clever strategy to withhold sex from their husbands so that they can consider ending the Peloponnesian War. She says “Yet if all the women meet us here as I told them to from Sparta, Thebes and all their allies, and we of Athens, all together we’ll save Greece,” (Aristophanes 39-41). She encourages the women to use their sexuality to change the political struggles of Greece.
Sexuality as depicted by the play evokes feeling of pleasure. I do not think the women in the play would have decided to withhold sexual favors to their men if they thought it was not an important aspect to them. When She [Lysistrata] says that “I’m absolutely sure if we should sit around, rouged and with skins all creamed, with nothing on but a transparent negligee, and come up to them with our deltas plucked quite smooth, and once our men get stiff and come to grips, we do not yield to them at all, but just hold of, they’ll make truce in no time” (Aristophanes 147-154). The reading evokes the pleasure surrounding sexuality, so intense it is that it can make the men cease a war just to experience it.
Additionally sexuality has been depicted in the play to be used for amusement especially when the younger women are seen to be foolish and yield into sexual encounters [i.e. fulfilling their bodily desires] because they also desire the wine and sex (Aristophanes, 39). This when compared to the behavior of the elder women in the society portrays the condemnation of abuse of sexuality by the younger generation. The older women are not concerned with fulfilling their bodily desires; instead they are seen to pray to their gods while helping in building their homes and cities [the older women are engaged in constructive work] (Aristophanes, 39).
Using sexuality for revolution purposes can be equated to how the women decided to withhold sexual favors to the men in a bid to make them accountable for their actions especially towards Rome. What should be realized is that during this period, women had no say whatsoever politically. Therefore they used their sexuality to revolt against the position taken by their men in the governance of Rome.

Work Cited

Arthur, Miller. Tragedy and the Common Man. Department of English [University of California at Berkely]. Web. 1949.

Aristophanes. “Lysistrata.” The Wadsworth Anthology of Drama. Boston: W.B. Worthen. Print. 2007.

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The Profession of Arms

Write an argumentative essay that addresses whether the Army is a profession of arms, what the criteria is, and what it means to be a member of that profession….


The Army is a profession of arms because most of their operations start with guarding the nation against any external aggression.  For the army to guard the nation against external aggression, it must be prepared for war.  This means they must develop experts who are able to use firepower to attain the desired results of maintaining peace in the nation at all costs.  The Army is truly a profession of arms based on the nature, scope, and style of their work.They protect the nation and also ensure there is continuity through training enough personnel in all their major areas of operation.

Those who will be involved in the battlefront are normally prepared to die and in the process of doing this.  For the attainment of these results, Soldiers spend many years learning the various aspects of war combat and they do many practices to ensure they are fully competent before being sent on the battlefront.  The professionals who are mainly the seniors generate the policies and ethics taught in the Army and due to their many years of service they have gained valuable experience, which they disseminate, to their juniors1[1].This ensures continuity in the profession and pervasive development and enhancement of skills.

They also offer close supervision and it is only those who qualify that qualify to proceed with the studies.  This earns the Army a lot of trust among the citizenry whom they serve and it ensures that they abide by the constitution that bides their commitment to duty to the people.  The profession calls for selflessness, sacrifice, and dedication to duty to ensure the ethical standards set by the profession implemented.  This is because the profession must produce experts who due to the calling of their duty must earn trust and respect from the people they serve.  This should apply whether they are operating within the borders of America or they are in foreign land on national duty.  The members follow the standards set by their seniors to confirm they are up to the task and are withholding the values of selflessness and expertise in the performance of their various roles. This is only possible where when being recruited they are made aware of the code of ethics and the expectations of performance.  This is because the Army operates as an autonomous unit in government that sets its own internal systems that many people don’t know about.

All efforts focus on safeguarding of the nation and its people.  Any act or view of military professionalism must be viewed in terms of manpower policy and use of essay/impact-technological-competency/">technology[2].  This autonomy is very essential in the maintenance of professionalism both during wartime periods and during the post war times.  Due to the selfless nature of the job and the spirit of volunteering, the army usually engages in various community projects and initiatives in the various jurisdictions of operation.  They extend their maintenance of peace initiatives to community service to show their occupational responsibility and dedication when there is no war.  This again shows that as a profession they are busy at all times whether there is war or not.  Also during the post war periods the seniors in their various departments of research and essay/impact-technological-competency/">technology offer, technical advice to their colleagues on the various advancements in almost all the fields because their main duty to defend is fully if one is fully updated in all the areas. This is because they never know what the enemy has.  This is very crucial especially in these times of terrorism and the use of cyber space to commit the most heinous acts.

The army is therefore a force which plays a very important role in the protection of a nation and they need total cooperation from the citizenry so that they can execute their mandate fully.


Martin, E. An Army White Paper. “The Profession of Arms” P.1

Watson,F. Journal of the Early Republic, P.507

[1] Martin. Army White Paper. “ The Profession of Arms” P.1

[2] Watson. Journal of the Early Republic, P.507

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